Autism: Early signs and symptoms of autism spectrum disorder in children

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According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 1 in 160 children have autism spectrum disorder. Autism Spectrum Disorder is a group of different types of conditions characterized by difficulty in social interaction and communication, abnormal types of activities and behaviors such as difficulty in moving from one activity to another and abnormal sensory responses.

Despite having several distinct symptoms, autism is often not diagnosed later, although it can be detected early in life.

What are the symptoms of autism?

“Autism spectrum disorder begins before the age of 3 and can continue throughout a person’s life, although symptoms may improve over time. Some children show symptoms within the first 12 months of life. In others, symptoms may not be seen until 24 months or later. The US Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says.

The main symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder are classified into social interactions and types of restricted and / or repetitive behaviors.

Social media is often a big challenge for people with autism. Features include avoiding eye contact, lack of facial expressions, not showing any visible gestures, and showing little interest in peers.

Autism can be diagnosed at an early age because many symptoms such as not responding to names, not responding when someone around you is hurt, not showing interest in games like other children are seen in children from the age of 12 months.

Some symptoms of autism are very different from others. For example, echolaria or repetition of words or phrases, following a certain routine or habit and, if not in a sequence, abnormal reactions to certain sensations such as nausea, smell, taste or even touch are common among these children.

According to experts, it is difficult to diagnose autism in children under 1 year of age, but it is possible to diagnose it by 2 years of age if the symptoms are properly identified. A report from the American Academy of Pediatrics states that “about one-fourth of children with autism spectrum disorder have regression in language or social skills, usually between the ages of 18 and 24 months.”

Co-occurring conditions and their symptoms

Epilepsy, depression, anxiety and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder are more common in children with autism. Also, challenging behaviors such as difficulty sleeping and self-injury are noticeable.

In addition to cognitive and social behavioral problems, biological symptoms, such as gastrointestinal problems, are more common in these children. According to one report, gastrointestinal disorders such as constipation, abdominal pain, gastroesophageal reflux and intestinal inflammation are about eight times more common in children with autism than in other children. Intestinal problems in such children are associated with their selective eating habits and lack of proper communication which makes it difficult to find out what symptoms the child is experiencing.

The stigma associated with autism

Lack of knowledge about mental health is one of the main reasons why many parents hide their autism-like condition. Many lack the understanding that this can happen in babies as young as a few months old.

Such people show atypical behavior and the lack of public knowledge about the situation makes the society more negative than it is sympathetic and tarnishes the situation. These children go through abusive, obscene comments and are humiliated in their growing years which mostly pushes them towards house arrest.

Myths surrounding autism

It is not a mental health disorder; It is a nervous condition. These individuals show a wide range of intellectual abilities despite struggling with social interactions. “Although people with autism have a higher tendency to intelligence, only 10 percent of people with autism show intelligence. Some people with autism have what is called” splinter skill, “which means skill in one or both of the above. Their overall performance ability. , “Says a report.

One of the myths surrounding autism is that it is the result of poor parenting. That’s wrong. Genetics and environmental factors lead a child to autism, with no parental role.

Here are some common questions related to autism:

  1. What is Autism Spectrum Disorder?
    Autism Spectrum Disorder is a group of different types of conditions characterized by abnormal patterns of social interaction and communication, abnormal patterns of activity and behavior, and abnormal responses to sensations.
  2. What are the common symptoms of autism?
    Difficulty with limited or repetitive patterns of social interaction and behavior.
  3. What causes autism?
    Genetic, non-genetic and environmental influences are known to cause a child’s autism.




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