Prediabetes or borderline diabetes is a condition that develops before a person develops type 2 diabetes. It is characterized by impaired fasting glucose or glucose intolerance. Simply put, a pre-diabetic patient’s blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not as high as those identified as diabetes. In this condition, the pancreas still produces enough insulin needed by the body, but is less effective in removing excess sugar from the bloodstream, which in turn raises blood sugar levels.
“Diabetes and pre-diabetes are both diseases caused by insulin, a natural hormone produced by the body. Insulin helps transport sugar (glucose) from the bloodstream to the cells, where it is used as fuel. When blood sugar levels rise, the body Does not make enough insulin or when it does not respond to insulin (a condition known as insulin resistance). High blood sugar levels can turn into pre-diabetes and diabetes over time, “explained Dr. Chandan Kumar Mishra. , Consultant, Endocrinology, Akash Healthcare Dwarka. Once you reach the pre-diabetes stage, you are more likely to develop diabetes if you fail to make the necessary changes in your lifestyle and eating habits. Not only that, type 2 diabetes can put you at risk for heart disease, stroke and kidney disease. Here are the risk factors for early diabetes and the early warning signs you should know:
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