If your child is confused about the buzz around The Kashmir Files, here’s an easy explainer

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Why does it need to be understood for a baby?

Children should be told about historically important events so that when they receive news or information in the vicinity of the event they do not flow with biased opinions and have their own perceptions to learn it better.

It is always said that a child’s mind is like an empty slate. Everything that is written for the first time becomes endless and will be remembered forever. So it is very important to know what the child thinks.

What is “Kashmir File”?

Kashmir Files is an Indian film written and directed by Vivek Agnihotri. The movie is based on the deportation of Kashmiri scholars from the Kashmir Valley in the early 1990’s. The film stars Anupam Kher, Pallavi Joshi, Mithun Chakraborty and Darshan Kumar.

What is the rumor about “The Kashmir Files”?

Shortly after its release, The Kashmir file has been in the headlines for various reasons. One of the reasons is, as many, including Kashmiri scholars, say, is the image of the plight of targeted, killed and injured Kashmiri scholars in the early 1990’s.

Although many have praised the filmmakers for revealing the truth, which they say was hidden from public view for political purposes; Many have questioned the central government’s intentions in promoting the film. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has expressed support for the film.

What is the emigration of Kashmiri scholars?

In the early 1990’s, millions of scholars from the Kashmir Valley, known as the Kashmiri Pundits, left their homeland and fled to other parts of the country to escape targeted attacks.

Described as a humanitarian tragedy in the history of mankind, the deportation of Kashmiri scholars has always been a sensitive issue and a touching reminder of what happened during the invasion and led to this mass migration.

A brief history

Dogra was ruled before Kashmir. In 1925, Maharaja Hari Singh ascended the throne of Kashmir. A few years later, in 1931, a campaign was launched from Lahore against the Maharaja’s rule, declaring that Islam, the religion of the majority in the valley, was in danger. It was at this time that the popular leader of the valley, Sheikh Abdullah, started the Muslim Conference, which was later changed to the National Conference in 1939 for political reasons.

Before independence, Muhammad Ali Jinnah demanded a separate nation for Muslims; During this time, Sheikh Abdullah repeatedly assured the people of Kashmir of a secular nation. In support of Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru, a Kashmiri scholar himself, since he was one of the leaders who stood against Jinnah, Sheikh Abdullah’s prominence increased.

When India gained its independence in 1947, Kashmir could not decide between India and Pakistan like other states and after partition it became an independent state.

However, a few months after the partition of the country, Kashmir invaded Pakistan in October 1947, after which Maharaja Hari Singh sought India’s help. The declaration of accession between India and Kashmir was then signed; As an instrument of annexation, it is also called a legal document introduced by the Government of India Act, 1935, which enabled the states to join India or Pakistan during partition.

In the early 1980s

The beginning of the unrest in the valley is said to have started in the early 1980s. After Sheikh Abdullah’s death, the stick of the National Conference passed to his son Farooq Abdullah who later won the 1983 election. But soon the political stability of the state was disrupted when Farooq Abdullah’s brother-in-law Ghulam Mohammad Shah left the party and joined hands with the Congress.

In the coming years, the peaceful atmosphere in the valley has become chaotic since the execution of Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF) Kashmiri separatist Maqbool Bhat, now a banned terrorist group and incidents surrounding the Babri Masjid have also intensified tensions in the valley.

The bond between the two communities: Hindus and Muslims were terribly severed in the valley.

The unrest escalated when Rajiv Gandhi dismissed Shah and brought Farooq Abdullah back to power.

Killing of Kashmiri scholars

Tensions in the Valley escalated after the assassination of BJP leader Pandit Tika Lal Taplu in September 1989. Neel Kant Ganju, a retired judge and journalist-lawyer Prem Nath Bhat was later killed for inhumane attacks on Kashmiri scholars.

The situation got out of hand in the early 1990’s. An announcement was made over loudspeakers for Kashmiri scholars to leave the valley. Following this organized attack, millions of Kashmiri scholars fled to other parts of the country between February and March 1990.

The women were carried like cattle on the back of the truck. Dad and I got out of the taxi to raise our legs. In one of the trucks, a woman picked up a tarpaulin sheet and peeked out. There was nothing but emptiness in his eyes. They were like a void that sucked you. Many years later, I saw a picture of a Jewish prisoner in Auschwitz. When I saw her eyes, my mind immediately shifted to that day and I was reminded of the look in that woman’s eyes.“Our Moon Has Blood Clots: The Exodus of Kashmiri Pandits by Rahul Pandit.




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